Gingivectomy

Gingivitis, an inflammation of the gum tissue surrounding the teeth, is caused by bacteria that, if left unchecked, may lead to periodontitis.  A gingivectomy surgically removes diseased or excess gum tissue and the bacteria that can cause periodontitis. 

Gingivoplasty, which is the surgical reshaping of the gum tissue, is often performed in combination with a gingivectomy for cosmetic or functional purposes.